Faith & Social Justice: In the spirit of Richard Overton and the 17th C. Levellers

Baptist Peace Churches #2

Continuing my series of profiles on Baptist congregations working strong for peace with justice. (This is NOT a post on some other topic, like policing or my politics, etc. Commenters are urged to stay on topic. If you want to discuss something else, invite me to be a part of that conversation on YOUR blog or make such comments whenever I do post on your topic. Continued attempts to hijack threads for personal agendas will result in certain commenters being banned from this site and all their comments removed.)

Since last time, I profiled a 200 year old congregation in U.S. North, this time I am shifting geographically and culturally to a much younger congregation, Covenant Church in HOUSTON, TEXAS. 

Describing itself as “an ecumenical, liberal Baptist congregation,” Covenant Church was founded in 1965, growing out of the ferment of two then-current movements: the civil rights movement and the movement for church renewal (the latter led to such phenomena across North America as the coffee house movement, emphasis on small groups in discipleship formation, team ministries, liturgical renewal–including the discovery of traditional liturgies of the church by “low church” traditions and newer forms of worship, more lay leadership, the house church phenomenon, etc.  Many of these emphases are finding renewed emphasis again in the “emergent church” movement, although descriptions and definitions of “emerging” remain too vague for me to tell whether or not I support or identify with this phenomenon.)

Covenant Church began as a Southern Baptist congregation, although it no longer has any ties to the SBC.  When a progressive Southern Baptist congregation in the Houston area retreated from its commitment to progressive theology and social action in 1965 by hiring a very conservative minister, 60 members withdrew and formed Covenant Church from an informal Bible study group.  Soon the Bible study group decided to form a congregation based on certain principles:

  • Individual freedom and responsibility to read and interpret scripture (priesthood of the believer)
  • Congregational autonomy
  • Integrity of church membership (a spiritual commitment, not a social obligation)
  • Intentionality in the modes of worship, education and mission
  • An appreciation of the rituals and liturgy of many traditions
  • An understanding that the Word can come from our sacred stories as well as literature and art and personal experience
  • A reunion of the sacred and the secular
  • A separation of church and state
  • A respect for all people, without regard for labels and categories used to divide

As the Southern Baptist Convention became ever more fundamentalist in theology, renounced historic commitments to core Baptist principles in the 1980s and ’90s (during “the Controversy” in the SBC), became every more patriarchal and sexist, Covenant Church first added an affiliation with the Alliance of Baptists and then dropped all ties with the SBC.  Today, they remain affiliated with the Alliance of Baptists and also with the American Baptist Churches, USA

Worship at Covenant Church is formal and the “work of the people.” Laity are involved in every aspect of planning, leading, and participation in the worship of the church and every other aspect of church life.

For 35 years, out of a desire to use space and resources responsibly, Covenant Church had no buildings or “campus” of its own, but shared the facilities of others: St. John the Divine, Bethany Christian, St. Stephen Episcopal, and Bellaire Christian.  In 2000, after considerable debate, Covenant’s members decided that their mission could best be served with a permanent address and a worship and meeting space designed to their needs, with an emphasis on the arts and available for others to share.  So, now Covenant Church is located at 4949 Caroline, Houston, TX 77004.  They are on a summer schedule of worship at 10:30 a.m.

Covenant further describes itself in this way:

“Covenant Church affirms the sanctity, dignity, and equality of human beings and the value of all life in the universe. We welcome persons of all racial and ethnic heritages, all sexual orientations, and all faith perspectives to our Christian community. We stand for each individual’s right to worship God and to respond to God’s call to ministry in his or her own understanding of God’s all-encompassing love.

We value a holistic approach to faith and seek to worship in ways that are intellectually credible, emotionally stimulating, spiritually engaging and contemporarily relevant.

We value music, art, and ritual to express what we cannot ever fully say.

We value participation so that we might hear many approaches to our shared faith. ”

Since it is fully inclusive of GLBT Christians, Covenant is a member congregation of the Association of Welcoming and Affirming Baptists (AWAB), the network that strives for equality in Baptist life for those persons with same-sex sexual orientation or whose gender identity does not conform with their biological makeup (transgendered persons feel “trapped in the wrong body” unless they have had sex reassignment surgery).  Consistent with this commitment, PFLAG (Parents and Friends of Lesbians and Gays) has a chapter that meets at Covenant Church and Covenant Church regularly participates in the Houston area Gay Pride parade, as it did most recently on 28 June 2008.

Among the hands on missions that Covenant Church participates in locally in Houston are:

  • Building houses with and for the poor with Habitat for Humanity.
  • A prisoner correspondence program.
  • Omega House (A ministry to AIDS victims)
  • The back-to-school effort of the Christian Community Service Center to equip poor children with the school materials they will need (since government budgets for education no longer include such).
  • CCSC Jingle Bell Express to help the poor celebrate Christmas
  • Hospitality Apartments for the homeless
  • Thomas Street Health Center (meal assistance program)

Covenant’s broader mission budget is designed not just to meet the immediate needs of poor people, but to transform the social structures designed to keep them poor. To quote the people of Covenant Church again:

In one of the richest states in the richest country on earth, we believe that having hundreds of thousands of people who are hungry, poorly educated and unable to get adequate medical care is, not to put too fine a point on it, sinful.

Accordingly, their mission budget includes support for the Alliance of Baptists Bridges of Hope mission offering, American Baptists’ International Ministries and the ABCUSA Refugee Program.  It includes support for Africorps–helping students at the University of Texas travel to Ghana for hands on work in Public Health, support for the Americare program in Sudan, Health Volunteers Overseas’ project in Vietnam, Heifer Project International (a project in subsistence farming which began after World War II by the Church of the Brethren, a historic peace denomination), the visual clinic project in Tampico, Mexico, and support for Oxfam International.

Other missions priorities for Covenant Church include the Houston Area Women’s Shelter, the peer-to-peer education project of the National Association on Mental Illness (NAMI), Developments in Literacy in Pakistan, and a project for the education of indigenous (“Indian”) children in Belize.  To support human rights around the world and here at home, Covenant Church gives money and time to the Baptist Joint Committee on Religious Liberty, the American Friends Service Committee, Americans United for Separation of Church and State,   the Houston Public Defender’s Office, the Center for Healing Racism, and the Southern Center for Human Rights.

Covenant Church is a partner congregation of the Baptist Peace Fellowship of North America and I sometimes meet Covenant Church members at the BPFNA’s annual summer “peace camp.”

As befits a congregation dedicated to lay leadership and every member ministry, I have stressed the history and work of the whole congregation before mentioning its ministerial leadership.

Since 2002, Covenant Church has been led by their pastor, Rev. Jeremy Rutledge. And, since I promote non-fundamentalist Baptist bloggers (no one needs to promote the fundamentalist Baptist bloggers–when I began blogging in 2005, they dominated Baptist presence on the web), I will link to Jeremy’s blog, here. Called “Houston Kahu,” it represents his liberal religious outlook, his location in Houston, and his roots in Hawai’i. He is a graduate of Baylor University (the largest Baptist university in the world, though far from the oldest) in Waco, TX and earned his Master of Divinity from the Baptist Theological Seminary at Richmond, Richmond, VA. (This seminary was founded by the Alliance of Baptists in 1986 as an alternative to the increasing fundamentalist-dominated Southern Baptist seminaries. Today, BTSR is primarily funded and related to the Cooperative Baptist Fellowship.) He has Clinical Pastoral Education certification from Houston and has done additional study at Wadham College (Oxford University), the Vancouver School of Theology, with the community of engaged Buddhists in France led by the exiled Vietnamese monk, Thich Nhat Hanh (whom Martin Luther King, Jr. nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 1967). Jeremy is a Doctorate of Ministry (D.Min.) student at Meadville-Lombard Theological School in Chicago, IL. 

In 2006, Covenant Church welcomed its first Associate Minister, Laura Mayo. Laura is a graduate of Carson-Newman College in Jefferson City, TN (a historic Baptist liberal arts college with a liberal tradition) and earned her M.Div. at Wake Forest University Divinity School, an ecumenical, university-based, divinity school in the historic Baptist tradition. She completed her Clinical Pastoral Education at Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, has done additional study at Regent’s Park College (Oxford University–this is a Permanent Private Hall at Oxford that both offers a liberal arts education and is a theological seminary for the Baptist Union of Great Britain) and has been awarded an Advanced Bereavement Facilitator Certification from the American Academy of Bereavement.

Fran Avera has been Minister of Music at Covenant Church since October 1969. She served as Minister of Music at University Baptist Church, Austin for 10 years.  She is a graduate of Westminster Choir College in Princeton, NJ (now part of Rider University), with Bachelor of Music and Master of Music degrees.  Covenant Church ordained her to the gospel ministry in 1980. 

Covenant Church has a labyrinth on the grounds that can be used for contemplation and prayer.  Those who consider membership are called Inquirers (but a spirit of inquiry pervades all) and asked to complete a 6-8 week orientation class. Membership is open to all persons who affirm the loving presence of God, the life and teachings of Jesus, and the revealed Spirit through the ages.  Covenant is part of that Baptist tradition (a minority in North America, but larger in Britain and dating at least to John Bunyan) which, while Baptizing only believers (adults and those old enough to profess informed faith personally and make personal commitments to be disciples of Jesus), not infants, does not insist on “rebaptism” for those who come from pedobaptist traditions and find their infant christenings sufficient.  The Table of the Lord at Covenant is open to all.

July 3, 2008 - Posted by | Baptists, church, liberal theology, peacemaking


  1. “Since it is fully inclusive of GLBT Christians”–What does it mean to be “fully inclusive” of the “B” part of this?

    What does it mean to be fully inclusive of BISEXUALS? Is it to be supportive and welcoming of the idea that you can swing one way on friday night and swing the other way on Saturday night without worrying about having to be called to account for it on Sunday morning? I hope so because otherwise it would reflect a clear prejudice and bigotry that would be as bad as the close-minded, bigoted, anti-bisexual Southern Baptists.

    I sure hope these churches will be clear in defense of active switch-hitting because otherwise they will be accused of being ‘BIOPHOBIC” like all those Southern Baptist bigots out there.


    My hope that these progressive Baptist churches will also take a strong stand in defense of sex with animals. Perhaps that’s merlely because they are urban dwellers unfamiliar with the joys of farm life. Do I detect a hint of speciesism in this neglect?

    Comment by JimR | July 4, 2008

  2. JimR,
    Every Christian I know supports monogamy. So, while I suppose bi-sexual Christians could switch sexes in dating (which, unlike their secular peers, would presumably be chaste), they would have to choose an orientation in choosing a life-partner/spouse–although I suppose that in the case of divorce, they could change orientations with a new partner.

    Although GLBT or LGBT is used as a short-hand for PERSONS who happen to be gay, lesbian or bi-sexual in sexual ORIENTATION or trans-gendered in gender identity, it says nothing about behavior. Few people who identify as bi-sexual are “perfectly balanced,” but rather are more strongly attracted to one sex than another. (For that matter very few of us who are heterosexual have ZERO attractions to our own sex and very few gays or lesbians have ZERO feelings of attraction to the opposite sex. Sexual orientation is a matter of what orientation is dominant. Bi-sexuals are closer to equally attracted to both sexes–and are fairly rare.)

    I find your comments about “switch hitting” and sex with animals to be repugnant and demeaning to GLBT persons.

    Comment by Michael Westmoreland-White | July 5, 2008

  3. Oh, I thought that in welcoming and affirming GLBT persons they were welcoming and affirming GLBT’s who were sexually active as well. Now that you have explained to me that these churches would discipline a sexually active GLBT, including bisexuals who engaged in sexual activity with persons of both genders, I see where I was confused. This is ENTIRELY my fault because most of these welcoming and affirming churches tend not to be as strict as insisting on monongamy but tend to be welcoming and affirming of the entire lifestyle. Although that is a bit narrow-minded, dont you think. it would exclude a lot of gays and lesbians and bisexuals who would prefer to engage in sexual activity with more than one partner.

    In any case, I don’t understand why Christians would be morally opposed to sex with animals under certain circumstances. Nowhere in the New Testament does it say anything about sex with animals. Sure, the Old Testament does, but it also has nasty and mean things to say about homosexuality. I think your opposition to sex with animals probably reflects an urban prejudice, since you obviously are unaware of the joys of farm life.

    Comment by JimR | July 5, 2008

  4. With comment strands like this, I can understand why you would be hesitant to continue your series on GLBT persons. All you need now is for Dan Hollander to leave a comment questioning whether persons who have sex with animals think that Christian police officers who carry firearms have “betrayed the Gospel”? 🙂
    That’s a shame, because while I can’t say that I agree with your views on the subject, it would be interesting to know how you arrived at said views.
    It’s also a shame that some of these “Christian?” commentators seem to have lost the ability to balance wrath with love.

    Comment by MikaelBjarturMoolsenTheBaptist | July 6, 2008

  5. Well, there, Mr. TheBaptist–what does asking a simple question about W-W’s views on non-lethal violence have to do with balancing “wrath with love”? Maybe YOU can help him out here. W-W believes that to threaten or use lethal violence is a “betrayal of the Gospel.” OK, I asked a simple question: “is the threat or use of non-lethal violence also a “betrayal of the Gospel.” a simple question, really. This question followed from W-W’s suggestion that the use of “stun guns” by police officers was permissible while the use of real guns (with real lethal bullets) was not permissible. Sheesh–you guys talk a lot about dialogue, but you aren’t even willing to answer a simple question.

    Comment by Dan Hollander | July 7, 2008

  6. Are you still hung up on that discussion, Dan? Apparently so much you need to take the discussion to different threads.

    Go write a whole review, based in scripture, about the rightness of Christians to conduct themselves in a violent manner, and post it on your blog and we’ll all discuss it there. That’s fair.

    Comment by Steven Kippel | July 7, 2008

  7. Michael doesn’t need my help in answering this question, nor could I help. I believe that police officers are obligated to use lethal and non-lethal force to protect the tax payers who employ them. I don’t agree with Michael on several other issues as well. He does seem to be a well educated and sincere Christian brother though, and I am interested in how he came to these views. I fear that the venomous tone of these comments only hinders that.

    And now that I have answered your question, perhaps you could answer one for me. Do you believe that animals who use lethal or non-lethal force to prevent people from having sex with them have betrayed the gospel?

    Comment by MikaelBjarturMoolsenTheBaptist | July 7, 2008

  8. “I believe that police officers are obligated to use lethal and non-lethal force to protect the tax payers who employ them. ” Well, there Mr. TheBaptist, that wasn’t too hard, was it? Wonder why it is so hard for W-W to answer that question?

    “Do you believe that animals who use lethal or non-lethal force to prevent people from having sex with them have betrayed the gospel?” –Sheep yes, Goats, no

    Comment by Dan Hollander | July 7, 2008

  9. 🙂

    Comment by MikaelBjarturMoolsenTheBaptist | July 7, 2008

  10. This church is about 15 minutes from my home near the downtown area. I do know someone who attends there. I’ve never visited, however. It seems a bit too “high church” for my taste. Luckily I found a church 5 minutes from home that I am happy with.

    Comment by Marty | July 10, 2008

  11. Marty, Covenant Church in Houston is probably a bit too “high church” for me, too. At my congregation we tend to rotate between services which use a more formal liturgy and those which are more revivalistic in worship style–somewhere between traditional Black Baptist and Latino Pentacostal–with much Bluegrass/Folk thrown in!

    Comment by Michael Westmoreland-White | July 12, 2008

Sorry, the comment form is closed at this time.

%d bloggers like this: